2019: on neutralization of the remaining threats to economic development on the basis of improvement of a number of instruments of state regulation of the economy
Vinslav Yu.B., Doctor of Economics, Professor, Chief Researcher of MGRI-RGGRU
Abstract. In article key indicators of functioning of domestic economy for January-November, 2018 are analyzed. The conclusion is drawn on need of concentration of efforts on overcoming economic stagnation on the basis of improvement of the working model of the state strategic planning. The quality of this planning becomes the most important condition of structural and innovative modernization of economy. On the example of concrete branch spheres shortcomings of practice of development of state programs and national projects. The algorithm of actions for formation of the multilevel system of national strategic planning providing concentration of resources on the priority directions of technological and social and economic development is offered. The importance of interdepartmental interaction in the course of development of strategic planned documents is shown. Recommendations about cascading of purposes of macrolevel in the system of planning are made. The proposals to strengthen the state stimulation of diversification, integration and innovation processes are substantiated.
Keywords: stagnation, strategic planning, state programs, national projects, priorities of technological and social and economic development, interdepartmental interaction, diversification, integration (educations, sciences, productions), innovations.
Pension reform: simplicity of tactical decisions is fraught with strategic failure
Bobkov V.N., Doctor of Economics, Professor, Head of the Laboratory of Problems of Living Standards and Quality of Life, Institute of Socio-Economic Studies of Population, Russian Academy of Sciences; Chief Research Worker, Plekhanov Russian University of Economics (Scopus Author ID 55960509800)
Abstract. The article continues the discussion carried out in 2018 pension reform, reduced to a significant, albeit stretched in time, increase in the retirement age. The problems generated by the superficial and purely tactical, in the author’s opinion, approach to determining the sources of improving the level and quality of life of Russians are considered. The author draws attention to the obstacles to the growth of labor productivity, the achievement of effective employment and the improvement of people’s welfare arising from the adopted model of reform. Outlines strategic alternative reform solutions.
Keywords: pension reform, retirement age, the Pension Fund of the Russian Federation (PF), productivity growth, elimination (reduction) of unstable employment, improving the level and quality of life.
The analysis is instructive for Russia experience of application of tools of strategic planning of economic development in France, USA and CHINA
Silvestrov S.N., Doctor of Economics, Professor, Honored Economist of the Russian Federation, Director of the Institute of Economic Policy and Economic Security of the Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation,
Bauer V.P., Doctor of Economics, Associate Professor; Director of the Center for Strategic Forecasting and Planning Institute for Economic Policy and Issues of Economic Security of the Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation,
Eremin V.V., PhD (economics), Leading Researcher of the Center for Strategic Forecasting and Planning Institute for Economic Policy and Issues of Economic Security of the Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation
Abstract. The subject of the article is the methods and tools used in the strategic planning systems of the USA, France and China. In the article considered not only the formation of strategic plans and control over their implementation at the state level, but also the connection of these plans with the strategic plans for the development of municipalities. Attention is paid to budgetary processes, as the basis for financing the strategic plans of the analyzed countries. Listed and characterized organizations involved in the strategic planning process of each state in question. The purpose of the article is to determine the features of the strategic planning systems of the United States, France and China for their further possible borrowing into the practice of strategic planning of the Russian Federation.
The results of the study can be applied in the framework of managing the economy of the Russian Federation on the basis of strategic plans, as well as the basis for further research that further specifies the strategic planning system of the analyzed countries.
Keywords: strategic planning, public administration, budget process, development of territories, national security, state control, France, USA, China (PRC).
Chinese roads: the way to the future
Novoselova L.V., Doctor of Economics, Chief Researcher of the Institute of the Far East of RAS
Abstract. The article considers in detail the state and development of highway sector in the PRC. The author analyzes major government programs for the development of the road network, the implementation of which allowed China to overtake the USA and reach the first place in the world in terms of the length of expressways. The main sources of highway investment are shown. It is observed that much of it is provided by state structures at the provincial and other local levels. The author also investigates in detail a multi-tiered institutional system of the organization of road construction and management in China. Alongside with the undoubted success, the accumulated serious problems in this rapidly developing sector of the Chinese economy are carefully studied, and possible ways of alleviating them are outlined.
Keywords: China (PRC), roads, road network development programs, sources of financing for road construction, road corporations, public-private partnership, corruption.
Lakes, forests and electric power industry of Eurasia: towards the formation of a new global environmental platform and clarification of environmental priorities of Russia’s international cooperation
Startsev A.A., PhD (Economics) received at the International University of Fundamental Studies within Oxford Educational Network, Director of the International Centre for the Promotion of the Implementation of UNIDO’s Programs and Projects under Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University, UNIDO International Expert,
Gorshkov V.G., Doctor of Science (Nuclear Physics), Professor, Leading Researcher, Department of Theoretical Physics, Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute,
Makarieva A.M., Candidate of science, Leading Researcher, Department of Theoretical Physics, Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute.
Abstract. The paper is devoted to the problem of threatening condition of Eurasian lakes and forests connected with the distortion of natural water cycle caused by hydropower development. The largest Eurasian lake Baikal and relating hydropower systems are considered. The state of water balance on land is shown to universal strongly depend on pristine forests performing an extremely important function of atmosphere moisture transfer from ocean to land.
The main conclusion based on the recent results of fundamental science claims that the global environment lost sustainability and rapidly degrades (broken balance between technosphere and biosphere). The main reason is the consumption based relation of humans towards pristine nature (particularly forests) and misunderstanding of factors responsible for life stability in the biosphere.
A particularly underlined approach is the development of governmental regulation system and international cooperation, primarily with China. A worldwide package of measures towards the survival of human civilization, new environment friendly platform based on fundamental scientific concepts and their implementation for the integrated solution of problems relating to environmental an economic stability of life are suggested.
Keywords: climate changes, fresh water deficiency, global water cycle distortion, pristine forests as living pumps for atmospheric moisture, role of fundamental science, the concept of biotic regulation of the environment, international forum under UNIDO flag, Russian-Chinese cooperation, global agenda.
Germany in search of answers to migration challenges
Zaritskiy B.E., Dr.of Sc. (History), Professor of the Department of World Economy, Moscow State Institute of International Relations (University)
Abstract. The article represents the analysis of the impact of migrant’s afflux on the demographic situation and labor market in Germany. In spite of increasing rejection by the population of the migration policy implemented during last years by Ms A. Merkel’s government, some German experts in this matters continue to reserve an opinion that Germany needs such migration since allegedly there is no other way to compensate the decrease in labor forces due to the negative demographic trends. The author express his opinion that the deficit of labour forces which became more acute in Germany during last years has a structural origin, and one of its reasons is based on insufficiency in effective management of existing labour forces of the country and defects in the system of labour market’s regulations. Actually the labor potentially available up-to-date on the German market is much broader than one could imagine on the basis of the number of registered unemployed persons. In case if largely promoted strategy «Industry 4.0» will definitively give its results, one could not exclude that in the near future one should be obliged to discuss the issue of an excess of labour forces instead of its deficit.
Keywords: Germany (FRG), migration, migrants, migration flows, migration policy, migration challenges, demographic situation, birth- rate, age-pyramid of population, migration flows, labor market, deficit in labor, unemployment, employment, qualified specialists, brain-drain, re-education, the German strategy of «Industry 4.0».
About the new edition of the works of academician N.A. Voznesenskii
Voznesenskii L.A., Candidate of Economic Sciences, publicist and writer, consultant of PH «Economic newspaper» on a number of book projects
Abstract. Accompanied by editorial comments reprint of the preface to the specified edition, written by its initiator and compiler. Describing the history of the collection, its content and its features, including differences from the previous one (1979) publications of N.A. Voznesenskii, the author expresses reasonable hope that acquaintance with the texts collected in the presented book will help new generations of Russians to better understand and feel the specifics of the great and tragic era in which he lived and worked a wonderful public administration and scientist-economist, who left an outstanding mark in the history of our country.
Keywords: N.A. Voznesenskii, N.A. Voznesenskii’s book «Military economy of the USSR during Patriotic war», the Great Patriotic war, postwar recovery of the economy, the Soviet government (Sovnarkom of the Soviet Union), Gosplan of the USSR, All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks), the General plan of development of the national economy of the USSR, I.V. Stalin, N. Khrushchev, «the cult of personality», the «Khrushchev thaw», the Program of the CPSU, N.I. Ryzhkov, the Publishing House «Economic newspaper», A.A. Danilov, A.V. Pyzhikov.
One more newest academic elaboration of fundamental problems of Russia’s spatial development
(on the book by the scientists of IEF RAS and IEIE SB RAS «Regional aspects of long-term economic policy»)
Demyanenko A.N., Dr. of Geography, Professor, Chief Researcher, Institute of Economic Research FEB RAS (Khabarovsk)
Abstract. In the article (review) the main provisions of the book (report), the content of which reflects the views of a considerable part of the country’s academic community on problems of spatial development of the RF, are analyzed. In the reviewer’s opinion, criticism of government initiatives developed in the book is constructive on the whole. It includes positive grounding alternative recommendations coming out from the author’s vision of future spatial organization of Russian society. In this sense the authors’ proposals are emphasized that relate to mechanisms of realizing measures suggested by them concerning modernization of Russia’s social-economic space. The major structural work feature is stressed: while in the first part of the report the main attention is given to selective state regional investment policy, the second one reflects searching for instruments that could take into account regional specificity within the frames of government strategy of social-economic development. As any other product of serious scientific work, the book contains controversial points, statements subject to concretization and reserves for improvement. In this connection it is noted that, first, there are some shortcomings in relation to content-meaning completeness of categories being used in the book (thus, even exhaustively complete definition of concept «spatial development» is absent); second, criticism of «polarized development» theory resulted in a unified approach to modernization of Russia’s economic space doesn’t include proposing a convincing theoretical alternative. It is hoped, however, that these omissions will generate an additional impulse for deployment of relevant scientific discussions, and without them solving problems of Russia’s spatial development is unlikely possible.
Keywords: social-economic space, modernization of social-economic space, spatial development, strategy of spatial development, state strategy of social-economic development, economic policy, regional policy, structural investment policy, national forecasting, regional forecasting, region, macroregion, subjects of the RF, municipal formations, agglomeration, IEF RAS, IEIE SB RAS.