National innovative system: relevance of formation, contours of conceptual model and integration mechanisms of realization
Vinslav Yu.B., Doctor of Economics, Professor
Abstract. In work dynamics of key indicators of innovative activity in economy of Russia in recent years is considered. The conclusion is drawn on lack of system positive changes in the innovative sphere of the country. On the basis of the analysis of domestic and foreign practice recommendations about formation of the national innovative system (NIS) promoting more effective realization of the state industrial and scientific and technical policy are formulated. Author’s vision of key segments of the domestic NIS focused on the priority directions of creation of scientific and technological innovations of the national importance is offered. Recommendations about development of specific administrative mechanisms for each of the offered segments are made. As perspective instruments of realization of NIS it is offered to use the innovative scientific and technological centers and scientific education centers. Methodical and practical questions of formation of data of the integrated structures are considered, the corresponding conceptual framework is stated.
Keywords: innovative activity, national innovative system, foreign experience, public administration, elements of an innovative system, innovative scientific and technological centers, scientific education centers, technological chains.
Analysis of environmental and climate change factors of Russian Arctic population quality of life
Terentiev N.E., Candidate of Sciences (Economics), Senior Researcher, Institute of Economic Forecasting, Russian Academy of Sciences
Abstract. The paper focuses on analysis of environmental and climate change factors’ impacts on Russian Arctic inhabitans quality of life. Growing importance of quality of life as a key priority of arctic territories socio-economic development is substantiated. Comparative analysis of Russia’s positions in human development along with other circumpolar countries and in the global context as well as at domestic level comparing federal subjects of Russia with territories included into Russian Arctic zone, to other federal subjects of Russia. Specificities of environmental and climate change impacts on health and quality of life are reviewed.
Keywords: Arctic, Russian Arctic, Arctic zone of the Russian Federation, environmental factors, quality of life, social-ecological system, resilience, socioeconomic development, climate change, pollution, human development.
To assessing social efficiency of rail high-speed lines
Mironova I.A., Candidate of Economic Sciences, Senior Researcher at the Institute of System Analysis of the Federal State Institution «Federal Research Center «Informatics and Management» of the Russian Academy of Sciences»,
Tischenko T.I., Candidate of Economic Sciences, Senior Researcher at the Institute of System Analysis of the Federal State Institution «Federal Research Center «Informatics and Management» of the Russian Academy of Sciences»
Abstract. The article is devoted to the method of assessing the public efficiency of infrastructure investment projects related to the creation of railway sections with high-speed traffic. The algorithms of calculation of efficiency criteria based on the account of external effects from construction and operation of high-speed highway are offered; the composition and structure of external effects and approaches to their definition are characterized.
Keywords: high-speed highways (HSR), public efficiency, infrastructure investment projects, external effects.
Management of the resource security of state needs: increase of efficiency based on the application of the proposed model-analytical tools
Silvestrov S.N., Doctor of Economics, Professor, Honored Economist of the Russian Federation, Director of the Institute of Economic Policy and Economic Security of the Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation,
Bauer V.P., Doctor of Economics, Associate Professor, Director of the Center for Strategic Forecasting and Planning Institute for Economic Policy and Issues of Economic Security of the Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation,
Zvonova E.A., Doctor of Economics, Associate Professor, Head of the Department of World Economy and World Finance of the Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation,
Eremin V.V., PhD (Economics), Leading Researcher of the Center for Monitoring and Evaluation of Economic Security Institute for Economic Policy and Issues of Economic Security of the Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation
Abstract. Under the conditions of oil price volatility and increasing sanctions pressure, the problem of increasing the efficiency of the government of the Russian Federation becomes more urgent. One of the directions of its solution is to provide state needs with appropriate amounts of resources. For this, it is necessary to solve the task of managing the resource supply of state needs, which consists in a reasonable assessment of the amount of required resources and their delivery to consumers with minimal costs in the required time frame. The paper proposes the use of a dynamic model for solving this problem, which combines the algorithms of production functions, methods for optimizing the capacity utilization, as well as determining the profit generated by the processes being analyzed. The definition of the concept of “state needs” is analyzed, the stages of work of the mechanism for managing resources for state needs in the dynamic supply-consumption cycles of resources are described.
In order to increase the efficiency of managing the provision of state needs with resources, the article proposed the use of the transportation task in conjunction with the EOQ model. The use of inter-sectoral balance has been proposed for determining the volumes of multiplicative effects generated by the processes of resource provision and having both positive and negative effects on these processes. The formation of a management mechanism based on minimizing the discontinuity of rationality, reducing the efficiency of the process of providing state needs with resources, is proposed. The models and methods considered in the article are combined into an algorithm for forming a general model for managing the provision of state needs with resources. The developed general model includes processes of both internal and external dynamics.
Keywords: state needs, resource provision, management efficiency, investment multiplier, dynamic model in cycles.
On the conceptual development of the industrial policy of the Eurasian economic Union: the criteria of jointly produced goods of the EAEU and the approach to its definition
Tkachuk S.P., Projects Director with Scientific Center for Eurasian Integration under RAS Scientific Board on Problems of Eurasian Economic Integration, Modernization, Competitiveness and Sustainable Development (the Head of the Center and the Chairman of RAS Scientific Board S.Yu. Glazyev),
Pak A.Yu., Candidate of Sciences (Economics), Associate Professor, Department of Customs Affairs, Faculty of Economics of RUDN University
Abstract. The newest stage of post-Soviet Eurasian economic integration associated with the large-scale tasks of making a breakthrough in the economic development of its participants, including the tools of the EAEU, imposes increased requirements for the content and quality of the integration agenda. At the same time, the imperative put forward by the governing bodies of the Union of compliance of the development goals with the operational objectives of maintaining the current macroeconomic stability of the Eurasian Union in the conditions of further growth of sanctions can no longer be a sufficient condition for the advanced development of the EAEU member States. In order to ensure economic growth at a faster pace of development and with a proper synergetic effect for the national economic complexes of the EAEU States, a fundamental basis in the form of a well-thought-out ideologically and structurally sound industrial policy is required.
In this context, the authors of the article touch upon such an essential element of the concept of this policy (the industrial policy of the EAEU, or the Eurasian industrial policy) as the criteria for jointly produced goods of the EAEU; an approach to its definition is proposed. Implementation of this approach, according to the authors, will create conditions for the development of mutually beneficial intra-Union production cooperation and import substitution, for a successful refraction to the post-Soviet realities of the relevant positive experience of the European Union.
Keywords: Eurasian economic integration, reintegration of the post-Soviet economic space, Eurasian economic Union (EAEU), Eurasian economic Commission (EEC), industrial policy of the EAEU, Eurasian industrial policy, jointly produced goods of the EAEU, industrial cooperation, European Union (EU), «European company».
Methods of measurement of leadership in business (supplementary materials for lectures and tutorials)
Ustyuzhanin V.L., Researcher at, Central Economics and Mathematics Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences (CEMI RAS)
Abstract. The article, addressed to a wide range of readers interested in the problems of modern corporate management, but above all — University teachers, graduate students and students, identifies and comments on existing approaches to the definition of corporate leadership. The result of the study is the author’s classification of the world’s leading companies in the automotive, pharmaceutical and oil and gas industries.
Keywords: corporate leadership (company leadership), sustainable leadership, competitiveness, market position of the company, market power, automotive, pharmacology, oil and gas industry.
National food security: theoretical approaches to the evaluation and practical recommendations to ensure [about R. R. Gumerov’s book «Food security of the Russian Federation (theory and practice)»]
Ksenofontov M.Yu., Doctor of Economics, Associate Professor, Deputy Director and Head of the Laboratory of the Institute for National Economic Forecasting of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Abstract. Positive review of the book indicated in the title. According to the final conclusion of the reviewer: the monograph will gain a large audience of interested readers, as the author touches upon a wide range of topical issues of food security and convincingly demonstrates the high potential of the category «security» in socio-economic research, formulates a number of interesting theoretical considerations regarding the assessment of food security of the Russian Federation and substantiates many useful practical recommendations for its maintenance and strengthening.
Keywords: food security, Doctrine of food security of the Russian Federation, food independence, agro-food policy, strategic planning.