PRESENT REFORM AND NEP: RESULTS AND LESSONS OF ANALYTICAL COMPARISON
Reznikov L.B., PhD (Economics), in 2003 – leading research fellow of the Problem scientific research laboratory of the Moscow State University on studying market economy;
Melentiev A.Yu., PhD (Economics), editor-in-charge, «Rossiisky Ekonomichesky Zhurnal»
Accompanied by the detailed editorial comments reprint from issue 4 of «Rossiisky Ekonomichesky Zhurnal» of 2003 in subheading «From the Journal’s Archive» of heading «Retrospections and the Present: for the 100 Year Anniversary of the October Revolution». In the article, first, actual and statistical evidence is given to the thesis according to which the new economic policy (NEP) having been conducted by the Bolshevik party was an outstanding antirecessionary-recovery reform, both in the world and national history. Second, an attempt is made to formulate NEP’s lessons useful for directing post-soviet social and economic reform from destructive to creative course in order to provide rapid, stable and high-quality national economic growth.
New economic policy (NEP), V.I. Lenin, A.I. Rykov, plan and market, financial planning, Supreme Council of National Economy (SCNE), switchover of government enterprises to commercial basis, relationship of land property and land management, reconstruction and development of productive forces, post-soviet reforms, economic growth, social and economic course of the state.
FOR DEVELOPMENT OF INDUSTRIAL POLICY IN RUSSIA: ONCE MORE ON THE ROLE OF TARGET CREDIT ISSUE
Yershov M.V., Sc.D. (Economics), General Director on financial research with the Institute of Power Endgineering and Finance, Professor, Department of world economy and finance with the Financial University under the Government of the RF;
Pospelov V.K., Sc.D. (Economics), Professor of the mentioned Department;
Tanasova A.C., PhD (Economics), Deputy head, Department of financial analysis with the Institute of Power Endgineering and Finance;
Tatuzov V.Yu., PhD [Economics (PhD Sorbonne)], senior analyst at the same Department
The article proves further the approach having been already proposed in publications of «Rossiisky Ekonomichesky Zhurnal» to solving the problem of financial resources necessary for conducting active industrial policy by the state. Sharing the discourse about the key role of bank investment crediting in providing processes of present expanded reproduction the authors believe that target credit issue should become the most important source of financing industrial policy in Russia. They explain concrete conditions of its efficient applying as an instrument to realize the priorities for development of industrial complex, material production and economy on the whole.
Industrial policy, priorities for industrial complex development, bank investment crediting, target credit issue, long money, monetary authorities, key rate of the Bank of Russia, S.Yu. Glasiev, Stolypin’s Club.
FOR EFFICIENT MANAGEMENT OF MINERAL-RAW MATERIAL COMPLEX IN RUSSIA: PROBLEMS OF SUBSURFACE USE
Vinslav Yu.V., Sc.D. (Economics), Professor, Director, the Institute of primary sector strategic analysis of the Russian State Geological Prospecting University (MGRI-RSGPU);
Lisov S.V., PhD (Economics), senior research fellow, MGRI—RSGPU;
Lunjkin A.N., Sc.D., Professor, full member of the Academy of management and business administration of «Ekonomicheskaya Gazeta» PH, director of Modern Technologies College under Department of Education, Moscow Administration
In the article a survey of the available resource base of Russian mineral-raw material complex is given, the key, in the authors’ view, problems of domestic subsurface use are revealed and approaches to their solving during reforming a system of the appropriate mechanisms are projected. In a number of practical «outputs» of the study there are suggestions on deep correcting two basic for mineral resources use normative documents – Law of the RF «On the Subsoil» and «Strategy of Development of Geological Industry of the Russian Federation up to 2030».
Mineral-raw material complex, subsurface use, mineral-raw material base, reproduction of mineral-raw material base, mineral reserves, oil and gas sector, oil and gas corporations, petrochemical industry, coal industry, mining enterprises, exploration works (EW), natural rent, Law of the RF «On the Subsoil», Strategy of Development of Geological Industry of the Russian Federation up to 2030, E.A. Kozlovsky.
NEW AMERICAN LEGISLATIVE ACT ON SANCTIONS: THE USUAL POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC CHALLENGES TO RUSSIA
Silvestrov S.N., Sc.D. (Economics), Professor, Director, the Institute for economic policy and problems of economic security of the Financial University under the Government of the RF
Commenting the content of the adopted at the beginning of August this year the US Law «On Sanctions against Russia, Iran and South Korea» the author offers his own expert opinions of political and economic risks for Russia consisted in the document. Considerations are given concerning possible variants of the Russian authorities’ reaction to strengthening sanction activity of the USA.
The US Law «On Sanctions against Russia, Iran and South Korea», the US sanction policy, sanctions in relation to special Russian projects in the field of oil production, sanctions against Russian financial institutions, sanctions in connection with pipeline transport development by Russia, sanctions in relation to investment within the limits of state actives privatization in Russia, sanctions in connection with arms and materials supplies in Syria, strategy of global domination, multilateral preferential agreements, Global system of legal entities identification, Council on financial stability under aegis of «G-20».
FUNDAMENTAL ACADEMIC RESEARCH OF THE SCIENCE POTENTIAL IN DEVELOPMENT OF THE MODERN WORLD, RUSSIA AND EURASIAN INTEGRATION GROUP (ON MONOGRAPH «SCIENCE, SOCIETY, STATE: HISTORY OF INTERACTION, BALANCE OF INTERESTS, MUTUAL RESPONSIBILITY, MODERN IMPERATIVES» OF THE NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF DEVELOPMENT, DEPARTMENT OF SOCIAL SCIENCES RAS)
Editing submission in heading of criticism and bibliography of the named capital monograph (M.:IE Kolmogorov, 2016. – 418 pp.)reflects the results of the multidisciplinary ( involving economists, philosophers and representatives of technical sciences) research project of the same name that was carried out by the National Institute of Development (the leader of the project and editorial board of the monograph is the Research Manager of the Institute, Academician S. Glasiev). There are in the material: a) authors’ annotation is given; b) architectonics of the book that contains introduction, seven well-structured chapters and extensive conclusion is characterized; c)with minimal subscript comments of the editorial board the text of that conclusion is reproduced. Among the final conclusions there is a thesis about the mission of the scientific community that the authors considered to be a real force capable to become an initiator of Russian and the entire post-Soviet space (first of all, in the scope of the EEU) modernization project.
Science as productive force, science as social institute, moral imperatives in the activity of scientists (in science development), state support (state stimulation), state scientific and technical strategy, technological structures, knowledge economy, socio-humanitarian knowledge, intellectual safety of Russia, Russian modernization project, intellectual space of Eurasia, EEU, global competition.
ON PERSPECTIVES AND PROBLEMS OF MONETARY AND FINANCIAL
INTEGRATION OF THE EEU COUNTRIES
Ivanova K.S., postgraduate, Department of world economy and finance of the Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation.
In the article an ambitious attempt is made to substantiate principal strategic scheme of step-by-step coming of Eurasian integration group (five states of the EEU) nearer a stage of monetary and financial integration called for abrupt strengthening positive synergetic effect of the states-participants’ interaction. This process is objectively prevented by the remainingat both national and all-union levels very serious structural problems. In this connection the author’s logic of moving towards the mentioned integration goal consists in transition from stage of coordinating macro-economic policy of the states-participants to stage of adjusting indices of their financial development (as well as creating conditions for efficient consolidation of all financial markets ) and then to stage of currency integration realized in a form of coordinating monetary policy in order to raise the role of national calculations both in intraregional payment and payment with counterparts beyond the bounds of the EEU.
Eurasian integration, EEU, monetary and financial integration, macro-economic policy of the EEU states, integration of national financial markets, cross-border traffic of goods, services, labor and capital, Interstate Bank, Moscow exchange.